Prediksi soal TOEFL bagian Reading tahun 2022 (Part 2) + Kunci Jawaban

The strangest-looking fish in the Everglades wetland region of southern Florida is the Florida gar, whose unusual appearance includes sharp needlelike teeth that ftil a long snout. Young gars have numerous dark spots and patches on an olive to yellow, Line long, slender body. Gars darken with age so that adults appear mostly dark brown, especially when seen from above. Several types of gar exist in eastern and central North America, some of which are extremely large. The aptly named alligator gar is occasionally mistaken for an alligator and occurs from the lower Mississippi drainage basin to the rivers of the western panhandle of Florida. Only the relatively small Florida gar, seldom longer than two feet, lives in the Everglades. (The much larger long-nose gar as occasionally been found in the Everglades hut historically occurs only north of the region.) As with all gars, the Florida gar is predatory and is adept at catching smaller fish from schools by using a fast sideways snap of the jaws. It is also capable of catching individual prey, pursuing them along the bottom or in douse tangles of vegetation. Using a slow, stealthy approach, tins technique is effective on fish and grass shrimp.

Florida gars are sometimes seen in huge numbers, which is the result of low water that confines individuals from the expanses of the marshes to limited aquatic habitats where they remain during the dry season. At these times, gars become prey for the alligator. The sight of a gar held in an alligator's jaws is a vision of prehistoric imagery.

In fact, gars have changed little from their ancestors that dominated Earth's waters whenthe dinosaurs flourished; they even have primitive interlocking scales that differ greatly from those of most fish. They also have the dual ability to breathe air and water and can be observed regularly rising to the surface of the water to renew the air in their swim bladders. Florida gars are sometimes confused with a similarly shaped but unrelated needlefish, which are marine but commonly enter freshwater. Needlefish are greenish,bluish, or silvery and have a translucent appearance, hi marked contrast to the darker and opaque Florida gars.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • (A) The different types of gar that live in North America
  • (B) The type of gar that is common in the Everglades region
  • (C) The similarities between the Florida gar and alligators
  • (D) The different types of fish that live in the Everglades region


2. Which of ihe following physical characteristics of the Florida gar is NOT described?

  • (A) Length of snout
  • (B) Strength of bones
  • (C) Type of teeth
  • (D)   Shape of body


3. The passage mentions which of the following as changes that occur when young gars grow to be adults?

  • (A) The number of spots and patches on their bodies increase.
  • (B) They become extremely large.
  • (C) Their teeth become sharper.
  • (D) They become darker.


4. The word "seldom" is closest in meaning to

  • (A) slightfy
  • (B) similarly
  • (C) rarely
  • (D) apparently


5. The word "adept" is closest in meaning to

  • (A) skilled
  • (B) unusual
  • (C) alone
  • (D) observed


6. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a method that Florida gars use to obtain food?

  • (A)Using a sideways movement
  • (B) Following prey slowly
  • (C) Finding prey that swim near the surface
  • (D) Catching prey that swim in large groups


7. According to the passage, why are Florida gars sometimes concentrated in large numbers?

  • (A) Low water restricts them to certain areas.
  • (B) Swimming in groups protects them from predators.
  • (C) They form large groups to reproduce
  • (D) They migrate from the marshes each year.


8. The word "they"  refers to

  • (A) individuals
  • (B) expanses
  • (C) marshes
  • (D) habitats


9.  The word "dual” is closet in meaning to

  • (A) complex
  • (B) useful
  • (C) deep
  • (D) double


10.  Which of the following is a characteristic of both needlefish and Florida gars?

  • (A) A primitive method of breathing
  • (B) A long, slender body
  • (C) Brightly colored markings
  • (D) A translucent appearance


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